HEAT PRECAUTIONS AND SAFETY TIPS
If you are exposed to high temperatures and
humidity for too long, you sweat heavily, and
don't drink enough fluids, your natural cooling
system may fail. The result may be a
Heat cramps are muscle pains or spasms-usually in
the abdomen, arms, or legs-that may occur in
association with strenous activity. Heat
cramps may also be a symptom of heat
exhaustion. If you have heart problems or
are on a low-sodium diet, seek medical attention
for heat cramps.
Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heart-related
illness that can develop after several days of
exposure to high temperatures and inadequate or
unbalanced replacement of fluids. Elderly people
and those with high blood pressure, and those
working or exercising in a hot environment are
most prone to heat exhaustion.
Heat stroke is the most serious-heart related
illness. It occurs when the body becomes
unable to control its temperature: the body's
temperature rises rapidly, the sweating mechanism
fails, and the body is unable to cool down.
Body temperature may rise to 106 degrees or higher
within 10 to 15 minutes. Heat stroke can
cause death or permanent disability if emergency
treatment is not provided.
For more information go to the Centers of Disease
Control and Prevention: Extreme Heat, http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/index.asp
Department of Emergency Services and Public
Protection offer the following tips during
extreme high temperatures:
- Slow down, and avoid strenuous activity.
- Wear lightweight, loose-fitting,
light-colored clothing. Light colors will
reflect heat and sunlight and help maintain
normal body temperature. Protect your face with
a wide-brimmed hat.
- Drink plenty of water regularly and often,
even if you donít feel thirsty.
- Limit intake of alcoholic beverages. They can
actually dehydrate your body.
- Eat well-balanced, light, regular meals.
- Stay indoors as much as possible.
- If you do not have air conditioning, stay on
your lowest floor, out of the sun. Electric fans
do not cool the air, but they do help evaporate
sweat, which cools your body.
- Go to a place where you can get relief from
the heat, such as air conditioned schools,
libraries, theaters, shopping malls, and other
community facilities that may offer refuge
during the warmest times of the day.
- Cover windows that get morning or afternoon
sun with drapes, shades, awnings or louvers.
Outdoor awnings or louvers can reduce the heat
that enters a home by up to 80 percent
- Avoid too much sunshine. Sunburn slows the
skinís ability to cool itself. If you are
outside, use sunscreen with a high SPF (Sun
Protection Factor) rating.
- Never leave children or pets alone in a
- Do not leave pets outside for extended
periods. Make sure pets have plenty of drinking
- Check on family, friends, and neighbors
To find a temporary shelter during heat
wave type weather:
For information about air quality issues:
- Connecticut Department of Energy and
Environmental Pollution (DEEP)
Search by service term: Pollution
PREPARED BY: 211/lb
CONTENT LAST REVIEWED:June2013